U.S. Center for SafeSport: Minor Athlete Abuse Prevention Policies

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MINOR ATHLETE ABUSE PREVENTION POLICIES
January 23, 2019

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction 3
Terminology 5
Part I: Education & Training Policy 6
Part II: Required Prevention Policies 8
Part III: Required Policies for One-on-One Interactions 10
Appendix
Appendix A: Training Access Requirements 21

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INTRODUCTION
The U.S. Center for SafeSport (the Center) is committed to building a sport community where
participants can work and learn together in an atmosphere free of emotional, physical, and sexual
misconduct.
Authority: prevention training and policies
Federal law authorizes the Center to address the risk of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse of
amateur athletes in the U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Movements. See Protecting Young Victims
from Sexual Abuse and Safe Sport Authorization Act of 2017.
Prevention Training
Federal law authorizes the Center to develop training to prevent abuse, including
emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, of any amateur athlete. At a minimum, national
governing bodies and paralympic sports organizations must offer and give consistent
training related to the prevention of child abuse to: (1) adult members who are in regular
contact with amateur athletes who are minors and (2) subject to parental consent, to
members who are minors.
Prevention Policies
Federal law also authorizes the Center to develop policies and procedures for
implementation by national governing bodies or paralympic sports organizations to
prevent abuse, including emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, of any amateur athlete.
As a part of these policies and procedures, national governing bodies and paralympic
sports organizations must implement reasonable procedures to limit one-on-one
interactions between an amateur athlete who is a minor and an adult (who is not the
minor’s legal guardian) at a facility under the jurisdiction of a national governing body
or paralympic sports organization without being in an observable and interruptible
distance from another adult, except under emergency circumstances.
Application and implementation
The U.S. Olympic Committee and national governing bodies (collectively, “Covered
Organizations”) are required to follow these Minor Athlete Abuse Prevention Policies. At a
minimum, these policies are also strongly recommended for National Member Organizations and
Local Affiliated Organizations, and, at a maximum, the NGBs may require said organizations to
follow them. Covered Organizations are responsible for implementing and monitoring
compliance with these policies.
The policies and procedures set forth herein are promulgated by the Center to assist Covered
Organizations in meeting their obligations under federal law. If, in implementing the required
components identified here, these Covered Organizations are nonetheless not in compliance with

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federal requirements, the Organization shall implement policies and procedures sufficient to
meet such requirements.

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TERMINOLOGY
Covered Organizations: The U.S. Olympic Committee and a national governing body.
Jurisdiction: Authority or control.
Local Affiliated Organization (LAO): A regional, state, or local club or organization that is
directly affiliated with a NGB or that is affiliated with a NGB by its direct affiliation with a
regional or state affiliate of a NGB. A LAO does not include a regional, state, or local club or
organization that is only a member of a National Member Organization of a NGB.
Minor, child or minor athlete: An amateur athlete under 18 years of age.
National Governing Body (NGB): An amateur sports organization affiliated with a sport
included on the program of the Olympic, Paralympic, or Pan-American Games, which is also
recognized by the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) pursuant to the Ted Stevens
Olympic and Amateur Sports Act, 36 U.S.C. §§ 220501-220529. This definition shall also
apply to the USOC, or other sports entity approved by the USOC, when they have assumed
responsibility for the management and/or governance of a sport included on the program of
the Olympic, Paralympic, or Pan-American Games.
National Member Organization: A national organization that is directly affiliated with an
NGB, over which the NGB has jurisdiction (without respect to whether the NGB has disciplinary
authority over individual members of that national organization), and is: (a) an Amateur Sports
Organization requesting sanction from a NGB; or (b) an Applicable Amateur Sports
Organization under the Protecting Young Victims from Sexual Abuse and Safe Sport
Authorization Act of 2017.

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PART I
EDUCATION & TRAINING POLICY
A. Adults Required to Complete Mandatory Training
The following adults at a Covered Organization, National Member Organization, and Local
Affiliated Organization shall complete training concerning child abuse prevention:
• Adult members at a Covered Organization, National Member Organization, or a Local
Affiliated Organization who have regular contact with amateur athletes who are minors
• An adult authorized by a Covered Organization, National Member Organization, or a
Local Affiliated Organization to have regular contact with or authority over an amateur
athlete who is a minor
• Adult staff and board members of a Covered Organization, National Member
Organization, or a Local Affiliated Organization (with the exception of NMOs and LAOs
whose adult staff and board members have no contact with or authority over minor
athletes).
To satisfy the training obligations, Covered Organizations shall adhere to parts A.1, A.2, and B,
below, of this Education & Training Policy.
To satisfy the training obligations, it is strongly recommended that National Member
Organizations and Local Affiliated Organizations adhere to parts A.1, A. 2, and B, below, of this
Education & Training Policy, and NGBs may require them to do so. The Center's “Core Center
for SafeSport Training” provides the required child abuse prevention training mandated by
federal law.

1. Core Center for SafeSport Training
The above listed adults are required to complete training concerning child abuse prevention. No
later than March 23, 2019, the above listed adults at Covered Organizations who are not
currently in good standing with their NGB due to failure to complete required training must
complete the U.S. Center for SafeSport’s Core Center for SafeSport Training (i.e., the Center’s
online training or the Center’s approved in-person training; NGB access to the Center’s Core
training is detailed in Appendix A):
• Before regular contact with an amateur athlete who is a minor begins; or
• Within the first 45 days of initial membership, or upon beginning a new role subjecting
the adult to this policy.
Training other than the Core Center for SafeSport Training does not satisfy this policy. A
Covered Organization may provide training in addition to the Core Center for SafeSport

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Training. However, if an organization provides additional training, it shall not refer to such
training as “SafeSport” Training.

2. Refresher Course(s)
A refresher course is required on an annual basis (e.g., membership year or another annual cycle,
as determined by the NGB) effective the calendar year following the completion of the Core
Center for SafeSport Training for each of the above listed adults at a Covered Organization
(NGB access to the refresher course is detailed in Appendix A). Policies, procedures and/or
communications to said adults concerning refresher course requirements must be updated by
September 1, 2019.
If the NGB cannot support online course integration by this date, a NGB may submit a
request for an extension by contacting ngbservices@safesport.org. The Center will
review and respond to extension requests within a reasonable time.
B. Minor Athletes
Covered Organizations shall, subject to parental consent, annually offer and give training to
members who are minors regarding prevention and reporting of child abuse. Covered
Organizations shall track:
• A description of the training(s);
• The date the training(s) was offered and given; and
• A description of how the training(s) was offered and given.
C. Exemptions
Exemptions from this Education & Training Policy may be made on a case-by-case basis for
victims/survivors. Requests may be made directly to the U.S. Center for SafeSport,
ngbservices@safesport.org, or to the relevant NGB.
The Center will work with Covered Organizations regarding appropriate accommodations for
persons with disabilities to satisfy the training requirements herein.

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PART II
REQUIRED PREVENTION POLICIES
A. Required policies
Covered Organizations are required to implement the following athlete prevention policies by
June 23, 2019:
1. One-on-One Interactions, including meetings and individual training sessions (Covered
Organizations are required to establish reasonable procedures to limit one-on-one
interactions, as set forth in federal law).
2. Massages and rubdowns/athletic training modalities
3. Locker rooms and changing areas
4. Social media and electronic communications
5. Local travel
6. Team travel.
To satisfy these requirements, these policies (including the mandatory components identified in
the model policies) are strongly recommended for implementation by National Member
Organizations and Local Affiliated Organizations, and NGBs may require them to do so.
B. Model policies
To satisfy these requirements, the Center provides model policies to assist Covered
Organizations in developing and implementing the required policies. These model policies
include mandatory components (which any policy must, at a minimum, include) and
recommended components. Given the uniqueness of each sport, some recommended
components may not be appropriate or feasible. Covered Organizations may choose to
implement stricter standards consistent with the implementation guidance below. Stricter
standards may include applying the policy to additional constituents and may also include
additional restrictions.
If a Covered Organization does not develop its own policy, the mandatory components will
become the default policy for the Covered Organization.
C. Implementation
The mandatory components set forth in the model policies set a minimum standard. In
implementing the required policies, a Covered Organization may choose to implement a
policy that is stricter than the Model Policy, if it includes or is stricter than the mandatory
component. If, in implementing the required policies identified here, Covered Organizations are

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not in compliance with federal requirements, the organization shall implement policies and
procedures sufficient to meet such requirements.
1. Approval process
If a Covered Organization proposes a policy that varies from the policies provided herein,
such policies must be submitted to ngbservices@safesport.org for review and approval.
Covered Organizations must submit proposed policies to the Center by March 23, 2019.
Policies will be approved, approved with modification or denied by the Center. If the
proposed policy is denied by the Center, the mandatory components of the model policy
will continue to serve as the default unless and until the Center approves any future
proposed policy.
D. Minor athletes who become adult athletes
With the exception of athletes who are members of the same team, Minor Athletes who reach the
age of majority (i.e. 18 years of age) must adhere to the provisions found in the Minor Athlete
Abuse Prevention Policies when interacting with minor athletes who are 14 years of age or
younger.
Minor Athletes who reach the age of majority and then obtain a position of authority that
presents a power imbalance, such as becoming a coach or official, must also comply with these
prevention policies regardless of the age of the minor athletes with whom they will interact.

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PART III
REQUIRED POLICIES FOR ONE-ON-ONE INTERACTIONS
The majority of child sexual abuse is perpetrated in isolated, one-on-one situations. By reducing
such interactions between children and adults, programs reduce the risk of child sexual abuse.
However, one-on-one time with trusted adults is also healthy and valuable for a child. Policies
concerning one-on-one interactions protect children while allowing for these beneficial
relationships.
ONE-ON-ONE INTERACTIONS
The following is a model one-on-one policy provided to assist Covered Organizations in
developing their own policies. Any policy developed by a Covered Organization must include the
Mandatory Components. If a Covered Organization does not create a policy for one-on-one
interactions, the Mandatory Components will become the default policy for appropriate one-onone
interactions for that organization.
A. Mandatory Components
1. Covered Organization policies must include components a through e.
a. Application
This policy shall apply to:
1) Adult members at a facility that is either partially or fully under the jurisdiction of a
Covered Organization;
2) Adult members who have regular contact with amateur athletes who are minors;
3) Any adult authorized by a Covered Organization to have regular contact with or
authority over an amateur athlete who is a minor; and
4) Adult staff and board members of a Covered Organization.
(Collectively “Applicable Adult” for the purposes of this policy.)
b. Observable and interruptible
• One-on-one interactions between a minor athlete and an Applicable Adult (who is not
the minor’s legal guardian) at a facility partially or fully under our jurisdiction are
permitted if they occur at an observable and interruptible distance by another adult.
• One-on-one interactions between minor athletes and an Applicable Adult (who is not
the minor’s legal guardian) at a facility partially or fully under our jurisdiction are
prohibited, except in the circumstances described in subpart d of this section and
under emergency circumstances.
c. Meetings

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• Meetings between Applicable Adults and minor athletes at a facility partially or fully
under our jurisdiction may only occur if another adult is present, except under
emergency circumstances. Such meetings must occur where interactions can be easily
observed and at an interruptible distance from another adult.
• If a one-on-one meeting takes place in an office at a facility partially or fully under
our jurisdiction, the door to the office must remain unlocked and open. If available, it
will occur in an office that has windows, with the windows, blinds, and/or curtains
remaining open during the meeting.
d. Meetings with mental health care professionals and health care providers
If a mental health care professional and/or health care provider meets with minor
athletes at a facility partially or fully under our jurisdiction, a closed-door meeting
may be permitted to protect patient privacy provided that: (1) the door remains
unlocked; (2) another adult is present at the facility; (3) the other adult is advised that
a closed-door meeting is occurring; and (4) written legal guardian consent is obtained
in advance by the mental health care professional and/or health care provider, with a
copy provided to our organization.
e. Individual training sessions
Individual training sessions between Applicable Adults and minor athletes are
permitted at a facility partially or fully under our jurisdiction if the training session is
observable and interruptible by another adult. It is the responsibility of the Applicable
Adult to obtain the written permission of the minor’s legal guardian in advance of the
individual training session if the individual training session is not observable and
interruptible by another adult. Permission for individual training sessions must be
obtained at least every six months. Parents, guardians, and other caretakers must be
allowed to observe the training session.
B. Recommended Components
1. Covered Organization policies may include the following components:
a. Monitoring
When one-on-one interactions between Applicable Adults and minor athletes occur at
a facility partially or fully under our jurisdiction, Applicable Adults will monitor
these interactions. Monitoring includes: knowing that the one-on-one interaction is
occurring, the approximate planned duration of the interaction, and randomly
dropping in on the one-on-one.

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b. Out-of-program contacts
Applicable Adults are prohibited from interacting one-on-one with unrelated minor
athletes in settings outside of the program that are not observable and interruptible
(including, but not limited to, one’s home and individual transportation), unless
parent/legal guardian consent is provided for each out-of-program contact.
Nonetheless, such arrangements are strongly discouraged.

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MASSAGES AND RUBDOWNS/ATHLETIC TRAINING MODALITIES
The following is a model massages and rubdowns/athletic training modalities policy, provided to
assist Covered Organizations in developing their own policies. Any policy developed by a
Covered Organization must include the Mandatory Components. If a Covered Organization does
not create a massages and rubdowns/athletic training modalities policy, the Mandatory
Components will become the default policy for that organization.
A. Mandatory components
1. Covered Organizations must include components a and b.
a. Application
This policy shall apply to:
1) Adult members at a facility that is either partially or fully under the jurisdiction of a
Covered Organization;
2) Adult members who have regular contact with amateur athletes who are minors;
3) Any adult authorized by a Covered Organization to have regular contact with or
authority over an amateur athlete who is a minor; and
4) Adult staff and board members of a Covered Organization.
(Collectively “Applicable Adult” for the purposes of this policy.)
b. Massage or rubdown/athletic training modality
Any massage or rubdown/athletic training modality performed at a facility or a training
or competition venue must be conducted in an open and interruptible location. Any
massage of a minor athlete must be done with at least one other adult present and must
never be done with only the minor athlete and the person performing the massage or
rubdown/athletic training modality in the room.
B. Recommended components
1. Covered Organizations may include the following component:
a. Written consent
Written consent by a legal guardian shall be provided before providing each massage
or rubdown/athletic training modality on a minor athlete. Parents must be permitted to
be in the room as an observer.

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LOCKER ROOMS AND CHANGING AREAS
The following is a model locker room and changing area policy provided to assist Covered
Organizations in developing their own policies. Any policy developed by a Covered
Organization must include the Mandatory Components. If a Covered Organization does not
create a locker rooms and changing areas policy, the Mandatory Components will become the
default policy for that organization.
A. Mandatory Components
1. Covered Organizations must include components a through f.
a. Application
This policy shall apply to:
1) Adult members at a facility that is either partially or fully under the jurisdiction of a
Covered Organization;
2) Adult members who have regular contact with amateur athletes who are minors;
3) Any adult authorized by a Covered Organization to have regular contact with or
authority over an amateur athlete who is a minor; and
4) Adult staff and board members of a Covered Organization.
(Collectively “Applicable Adult” for purposes of this policy.)
b. Non-exclusive facility
If our organization uses a facility not fully under our jurisdiction (for, e.g., training or
competition or similar events) and the facility is used by multiple constituents,
Applicable Adults in categories 1 through 4 are nonetheless required to adhere to the
rules set forth herein.
c. Use of recording devices
Use of any device’s (including a cell phone’s) recording capabilities, including voice
recording, still cameras and video cameras in locker rooms, changing areas, or similar
spaces at a facility under our organization’s jurisdiction is prohibited. Exceptions may be
made for media and championship celebrations, provided that such exceptions are
approved by the Covered Organization or the LAO and two or more Applicable Adults
are present.
d. Undress

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Under no circumstances shall an unrelated Applicable Adult at a facility under our
organization’s jurisdiction intentionally expose his or her breasts, buttocks, groin, or
genitals to a minor athlete.
e. One-on-one interactions
• Except for athletes on the same team, at no time are unrelated Applicable Adults
permitted to be alone with a minor athlete in a locker room or changing area when at a
facility under our partial or full jurisdiction, except under emergency circumstances.
• If our organization is using a facility that only has a single locker room or changing area,
we will designate separate times for use by Applicable Adults, if any.
f. Monitoring
Our organization regularly and randomly monitors the use of locker rooms and changing
areas at facilities under our jurisdiction to ensure compliance with these policies.
B. Recommended Components
1. Covered Organizations may include any of the following components:
a. Under no circumstances shall an unrelated Applicable Adult at a facility under our
organization’s jurisdiction expose his or her breasts, buttocks, groin, or genitals to a
minor athlete.
b. To minimize the risk of bullying and hazing, our organization uses locker room monitors
to ensure that minor athletes are not left unsupervised in locker rooms and changing
areas.
c. Applicable Adults make every effort to recognize when a minor athlete goes to the locker
room or changing area during practice and competition and, if they do not return in a
timely fashion, will check on the minor athlete’s whereabouts.
d. We discourage parents from entering locker rooms and changing areas unless it is truly
necessary. In those instances, it should only be a same-sex parent when other minor
athletes are changing in the same locker room or changing area. If this is necessary,
parents should let a coach or administrator know about this in advance.

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SOCIAL MEDIA & ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS
The following is a model social media & electronic communications policy, provided to assist
Covered Organizations in developing their own policies. Any policy developed by a Covered
Organization must include the Mandatory Components. If a Covered Organization does not
create a social media & electronic communications policy, the Mandatory Components will
become the default policy for that organization.
A. Mandatory components
1. Covered Organizations must include components a through d.
a. Application
This policy shall apply to:
1) Adult members who have regular contact with amateur athletes who are minors;
2) Any adult authorized by a Covered Organization to have regular contact with or
authority over an amateur athlete who is a minor; and
3) Adult staff and board members at a Covered Organization.
(Collectively “Applicable Adult” for the purposes of this policy.)
b. Content
All electronic communication originating from Applicable Adults to minor athletes must
be professional in nature.
c. Open and transparent
• Absent emergency circumstances, if an Applicable Adult with authority over minor
athletes needs to communicate directly with a minor athlete via electronic
communications (including social media), another Applicable Adult or the minor’s legal
guardian will be copied.
• If a minor athlete communicates to the Applicable Adult (with authority over the minor
athlete) privately first, said Applicable Adult should respond to the minor athlete with a
copy to another Applicable Adult or the minor’s legal guardian.
• When an Applicable Adult with authority over minor athletes communicates
electronically to the entire team, said Applicable Adult will copy another adult.
• Minor athletes may “friend” the organization’s official page.
d. Requests to discontinue
Legal guardians may request in writing that their minor athlete not be contacted through
any form of electronic communication by the organization or by the Applicable Adults

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subject to this policy. The organization will abide by any such request that their minor
athlete not be contacted via electronic communication, absent emergency circumstances.
B. Recommended components
1. Covered Organizations may include the following components:
a. Hours
Electronic communications will generally only be sent between the hours of 8:00 a.m.
and 8:00 p.m., unless emergency circumstances exist, or while traveling
internationally or during competition travel.
b. Monitoring
• The organization monitors its social media pages and removes any posts that violate
the organization’s policies and practices for appropriate behavior.
• The organization will inform the legal guardian of a minor athlete of any prohibited
posts, as well as the organization’s administrator.
c. Prohibited electronic communications
Applicable Adults with authority over minor athletes are not permitted to maintain
private social media connections with unrelated minor athletes and such Applicable
Adults are not permitted to accept new personal page requests on social media
platforms from amateur athletes who are minors, unless the Applicable Adult has a fan
page, or the contact is deemed as celebrity contact vs. regular contact. Existing social
media connections on personal pages with minor athletes shall be discontinued.

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LOCAL TRAVEL
The following is a model local travel policy, provided to assist Covered Organizations in
developing their own policies. Any policy developed by a Covered Organization must include the
Mandatory Components. If a Covered Organization does not create a local travel policy, the
Mandatory Components will become the default local travel policy for that organization.
A. Mandatory Components
1. Covered Organizations must include components a and b. Local travel consists of travel
to training, practice, and competition that occurs locally and does not include coordinated
overnight stay(s).
a. Application
This policy shall apply to:
1) Adult members who have regular contact with amateur athletes who are minors;
2) Any adult authorized by a Covered Organization to have regular contact with or
authority over an amateur athlete who is a minor; and
3) Adult staff and board members at a Covered Organization.
(Collectively “Applicable Adult” for the purposes of this policy.)
b. Transportation
Applicable Adults who are not also acting as a legal guardian, shall not ride in a vehicle
alone with an unrelated minor athlete, absent emergency circumstances, and must have at
least two minor athletes or another adult at all times, unless otherwise agreed to in writing
by the minor athlete’s parent/legal guardian in advance of each local travel.
B. Recommended Components
1. Covered Organizations may include the following components:
a. Shared or Carpool Travel Arrangement
We encourage parents/legal guardians to pick up their minor athlete first and drop off
their minor athlete last in any shared or carpool travel arrangement.
b. Parents/legal guardians receive education concerning child abuse prevention before
providing consent for their minor athlete to travel alone with an Applicable Adult who

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TEAM TRAVEL
The following is a model team travel policy, provided to assist Covered Organizations in
developing their own policies. Any policy developed by a Covered Organization must include the
Mandatory Components. If a Covered Organization does not create a team travel policy, the
Mandatory Components will become the default team travel policy for that organization.
A. Mandatory Components
1. Covered Organizations must include components a through d. Team travel is travel to a
competition or other team activity that the organization plans and supervises.
a. Application
This policy shall apply to:
1) Adult members who have regular contact with amateur athletes who are minors;
2) Any adult authorized by a Covered Organization to have regular contact with or
authority over an amateur athlete who is a minor; and
3) Adult staff and board members at a Covered Organization.
(Collectively “Applicable Adult” for the purposes of this policy.)
b. Team/competition travel
When only one Applicable Adult and one minor athlete travel to a competition, the minor
athlete must have his/her legal guardian’s written permission in advance and for each
competition to travel alone with said Applicable Adult.
c. Hotel rooms
Applicable Adults shall not share a hotel room or other sleeping arrangement with a
minor athlete (unless the Applicable Adult is the legal guardian, sibling, or is otherwise
related to the minor athlete). However, a parent/legal guardian may consent to such an
arrangement in advance and in writing. Furthermore, a parent/legal guardian may
consent in advance and in writing to the minor athlete sharing a hotel room or other
sleeping arrangement with an adult athlete.
d. Meetings
Meetings shall be conducted consistent with the organization’s policy for one-on-one
interactions (i.e., any such meeting shall be observable and interruptible).
B. Recommended Components
1. Covered Organizations may include the following components:

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a. Team travel policies must be signed and agreed to by all minor athletes, parents,
and Applicable Adults traveling with the organization.
b. Applicable Adults who travel with the organization must successfully pass a
criminal background check and other screening requirements consistent with the
organization’s policies.
c. During team travel, when doing room checks, attending team meetings and/or
other activities, two-deep leadership (two Applicable Adults should be present)
and observable and interruptible environments should be maintained.
d. Meetings should not be conducted in a hotel room.
e. Parents/legal guardians receive education concerning child abuse prevention
before providing consent for their minor athlete to travel alone with an Applicable
Adult who is subject to these policies.

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APPENDIX A
TRAINING ACCESS REQUIREMENTS
Access
The U.S. Center for SafeSport makes required prevention training free to those individuals to
whom the Education & Training Policy applies. Free access for individuals with National
Member Organizations should be submitted by the relevant NGB and approved in writing by the
Center.
Requirements
Free access is contingent on Covered Organizations complying with the following training
access requirements.
In delivering the training, Covered Organizations shall not:
• Post the access code, coupon, or other access information publicly;
• Post U.S. Center for SafeSport Core or Refresher online training content developed by
the Center on a public site without the Center’s prior written consent;
• Make such training available to organizations other than Covered Organizations, as
submitted to and approved by the Center;
• Charge a separate fee for the Center’s training;
• Advertise the Center’s training as free to anyone other than those individuals to whom the
policy applies; and
• Refer to the Center’s training as a “certification,” or to individuals who have completed
the training as “certified” or “licensed.” (Instead, it shall be referred to as a
“completion”.)
Additional training
A Covered Organization may choose to provide training in addition to the Core Center for
SafeSport Training (i.e., the Center’s online training or the Center’s approved in-person
training). In so doing, however, the Covered Organization shall not use the term “SafeSport” to
describe any such training.
Fees
The Center may impose a fee, including retroactively, and/or revoke access to the training for
failing to comply with these training access requirements.