The selection period for the 2016 U.S. Olympic Triathlon Team begins in Rio de Janeiro on Aug. 1-2 with the ITU test event. U.S. elite triathletes competing in the Rio de Janeiro ITU World Olympic Qualification Event must finish in the top eight overall to automatically qualify for an Olympic Games spot, and a maximum of two athletes per gender may qualify. If two spots are not earned at the Rio de Janeiro ITU World Olympic Qualification Event, one automatic qualifying spot will be available at the ITU World Triathlon Grand Final in Chicago on Sept. 18-19, granted the athlete finishes in the top eight.
The third selection event will be an ITU Olympic-distance, draft-legal event to be held between March 1-May 31, 2016, with exact dates and location to be determined. Event information and specific qualification details will be posted at usatriathlon.org within seven days of ITU posting the final 2016 calendar of events. If spots still remain after the three selection events, athletes may be selected by the Elite Athlete Selection Committee and/or an Objective Ranking System. Details of all qualification processes are available at usatriathlon.org/gamescriteria.
The number of spots available on the U.S. Olympic Triathlon Team will be determined no later than May 16, 2016. For the current Rio 2016 Olympic Qualification List and an Olympic Simulation, visit triathlon.org/rankings.
The United States fielded six-person teams to each of the first three Olympic Games, and a five-person team to the London 2012 Olympic Games. The lone medal for the U.S. was earned by Susan Williams when she finished third in Athens in 2004. Hunter Kemper is the only four-time U.S. Olympic triathlete. Kemper has been the top U.S. male finisher at all four Games. Find out more about the history of the U.S. in Olympic competition.
The History of the Olympic Games
The first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896 in Athens, Greece.
Baron Pierre de Coubertin is considered to be the father of the modern Olympic Games, and also founded the International Olympic Committee.
Olympic Motto: Citius, Altius, Fortius (faster, higher stronger)
Olympic Creed: “The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not winning but taking part; the essential thing in life is not conquering but fighting well.” (coined by Pierre de Coubertin)
Olympic Rings: The rings are interlocking and have five colors — blue, yellow, black, green and red. They are meant to represent the five inhabited continents.
Olympic Flag: The flag has a white background and the Olympic rings. The six colors on the flag represent colors that appear on all of the national flags.
Olympic Flame: The Olympic flame has been part of the games since the ancient Olympics and is associated with positive values. The Olympic flame can only be lit by the sun’s rays and is lit months before the opening of the Games for the torch relay that carries the flame to the host city for the opening ceremony.
Did You Know?
- The first modern Olympic Games only featured 241 athletes from 14 countries. The 2012 Olympic Games in London welcomed 10,568 athletes representing 204 National Organizing Committees.
- There were only 43 events contested in 1896. In London, 302 medal events were held. Events featured 26 sports (and 39 disciplines) and were held in 34 venues. Through the course of the Games, athletes set 38 world records and 99 Olympic records.
- The Olympic Winter Games were not held until 1924. Prior to that, figure skating and ice hockey were held as part of the Olympic Games that had been traditionally held in the summer.
- Summer and Winter Olympics used to be held in the same year. This changed in 1994.
- From 1912 to 1948, art competitions were held as part of the Olympic Games. There were five categories for sport-related works — architecture, literature, music, painting and sculpture. Though these events are no longer contested, each Olympic Games has a cultural component.
What’s an Olympiad?
An Olympiad refers to a period of four years. This term was used during the ancient Olympic Games to refer to a specific competition. Back then, an Olympiad started with the Games.
In the modern Olympic Games, an Olympiad is a period of four consecutive years based on the calendar. 2016 is the start of a new Olympiad, so you will often hear the Rio de Janiero Olympic Games referred to as “the Games of the 31st Olympiad.”
Olympic Triathlon Timeline1904 – An event in the Olympic Games was called triathlon consisting of the long jump, shot put and 100-yard dash
September 1974 – While advertising its new race, the San Diego Track Club newsletter headline read, “Run, Cycle, Swim – Triathlon set for 25th,” using the word “triathlon” for the first time in the modern sense.
Sept. 4, 1994 – At the 103rd IOC Session in Paris, triathlon was officially included on the Olympic Program starting with the Sydney Olympic Games of 2000. Triathlon was placed on the program on a provisional basis, meaning the sport would be re-evaluated after the Sydney Olympic Games to determine if it would remain on the program.
May 27-28, 2000 – The first U.S. Olympic Triathlon Team Trials took place in Dallas, Texas, selecting the team that competed at the Sydney Olympics.
Sept. 16-17, 2000 – Triathlon makes its long awaited Olympic Games debut as the women’s triathlon opens day one of competition at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. Switzerland’s Brigitte McMahon shocks the field and is crowned the first gold medallist. Joanna Zeiger of the U.S. places fourth, while Sheila Taormina finishes sixth in the women’s event. In the first men’s triathlon of the Olympic Games, Canadian Simon Whitfield came from behind with the fastest run split to claim gold.
Aug. 25-26, 2004 – Triathlon makes its second appearance at the Olympic Games in Athens. Austria’s Kate Allen comes from behind on the run and pulls off a stunning upset to claim Olympic gold. The United States’ Susan Williams wins the bronze for the first Olympic medal for an American. Hamish Carter of New Zealand won the men’s gold medal.
Aug. 18-19, 2008 – Triathlon makes its third appearance at the Olympic Games in Beijing. Australia’s Emma Snowsill and Germany’s Jan Frodeno are victorious, becoming new Olympic gold medallists. Laura Bennett of the U.S. places fourth, narrowly missing the podium.
Aug. 4 & 7, 2012 – The women's triathlon event makes a splash with a remarkable sprint to the gold, ending in a photo finish. Switzerland's Nicola Spirig finished just ahead of Lisa Norden to become the women's Olympic champion. American Sarah Groff finished fourth. In the men's race, Alistair Brownlee won gold in his home country.
Watch the Women's Triathlon at the London 2012 Olympic Games (YouTube).
2012 OlympiansFrom left, back row: Gwen Jorgensen (Milwaukee, Wis.), Hunter Kemper (Colorado Springs, Colo.), Laura Bennett (Boulder, Colo.). From left, front row: Sarah Groff (Hanover, N.H.), Manuel Huerta (Miami, Fla.).
2008 OlympiansFrom left: Jarrod Shoemaker (Sudbury, Mass.), Sarah Haskins (St. Louis, Mo.), Matt Reed (Boulder, Colo.), Laura Bennett (North Palm Beach, Fla.), Hunter Kemper (Longwood, Fla.), Julie Swail Ertel (Placentia, Calif.)