USAR Official Rules & Regulations

Competition Policies and Procedures

Sections A through D that follow contain policies and procedures concerning competition, rather than "rules of play" which 
are subject to the formal rule change procedures. However, some of the topics that follow are still subject to the formal rule change procedures.

A - Tournaments

A.1 Draws

(a) If possible, all draws shall be finalized at least two (2) days before the tournament commences. The seeding method of 
drawing shall be approved by the USAR. Use of USAR National Rankings is the preferred method. R2Sports can do this automatically.

(b) At USAR National events, the draw and seeding committee shall be chaired by the USAR's Executive Director, 
National Tournament Director, and the host Tournament Director. No other persons shall participate in the draw or seeding unless at the invitation of the draw and seeding committee.

(c) In local and regional tournaments, the draw shall be the responsibility of the Tournament Director.

A.2 Consolation Matches

(a) Each entrant shall be entitled to participate in a minimum of two matches. Therefore, losers of their first match shall 
have the opportunity to compete in a consolation bracket of their own division. In draws of less than seven players, around robin may be offered. See A.6 about how to determine the winner of a round robin event.

(b) Consolation matches may be waived at the discretion of the Tournament Director, but this waiver must be in writing on 
the tournament application.

(c) Preliminary consolation matches will be two of three games to 11 points. Semifinal and final matches will follow the 
regular scoring format.

A.3 Scheduling

(a) Preliminary Matches. If contestants are entered in more than one division, it is likely that they will be required to play several times on the same day with little rest between matches. This is a risk assumed on entering multiple categories of play. If possible, schedules should provide at least one (1) hour of rest between matches

(b) Final Matches. Where the possibility exists of one or more players reaching the finals in multiple divisions, it is 
recommended that these matches be scheduled several hours apart to assure more rest between the final matches. If this is not possible, it is recommended that a singles final be scheduled before any doubles final, and that at least one (1) hour of rest be allowed between matches.

(c) Conflicts. If a player reaches the finals of two divisions that are scheduled within the same hour, that player should be 
given the option of choosing which final is to be played first.

A.4 Notice of Matches

After the first round of matches, it is the responsibility of each player to check the posted schedules to determine the time 
and place of each subsequent match. If any change is made in the schedule after posting, it shall be the duty of the Tournament Director to notify the players of the change.

A.5 Finishes

Finalists must play off for first and second place, or determine a winner by some mutually acceptable method. Semifinalists are not required to play off for third place. However, if one semifinalist wishes to play off and the other does not, the one willing to play shall be awarded third place.

A.6 Round Robin Scoring

The final places of players or teams in round robin competition are determined in the following sequence:

(a) The winner of the most matches wins the top place;

(b) If two are tied for any particular place having won the same number of matches, then the winner of their head-to-head match is awarded the place that they are tied for in all cases;

(c) If three or more are tied in the number of matches won, the place is determined as follows:

1. Determine the net difference between the number of games that each tied player won and lost when they played each other. Games played against persons NOT involved in the tie are NOT considered. The player with the largest positive difference in games differential (i.e. games won minus games lost) is awarded the highest place for which there exists a tie.

2. If a multiple tie of more than two still remains after tallying the games differentials (Step 1), determine the net difference between the points that each tied player won and lost when they played each other. Again, points won or lost involving persons NOT involved in the tie are NOT considered. The player with the largest positive difference in points differential (i.e. points won minus points lost) is awarded the highest place for which there exists a tie.

3. If a multiple tie (more than two) still remains after applying steps 1 and 2 above, then the player who scored the highest average points per match is awarded the highest place in question. As always, points scored against persons NOT involved in the tie are NOT counted. Once any one or more of the three steps described in paragraph c. above have been applied to reduce the number tied for a particular place to two players, then the winner of the remaining two players’ head-to-head match is awarded the higher place for which there exists a tie. For the purposes of determining place, a forfeited match should be treated as a match won in two games by a score of (0,0).

A.7 Court Assignments

In all USAR sanctioned tournaments, the Tournament Director and/or USAR official in attendance may decide on a change of court after the completion of any tournament game, if such a change will accommodate better spectator conditions.

A.8 Warm-Up Times

Once all players in a match have been informed what court they will be playing on, singles players are allowed up to 5 minutes of on-court warm-up time and these warm-up times run concurrently. For doubles, each team is allowed up to 5 minutes for on-court warm-up and while these times do not run concurrently, both teams’ warm-ups must be completed generally within a 10-minute period that starts when the first team begins its warm-up.

A.9 Tournament Conduct

In all USAR sanctioned tournaments, the referee is empowered to forfeit a match, if the conduct of a player or team is considered detrimental to the tournament and the game. See B.5 (d) and (e).

A.10 Spectator Conduct

In the event of disruptive or threatening behavior on the part of any spectator, relative, parent, guardian, or coach at any USAR sanctioned event, the referee is empowered to address a first offense by applying sanction (a) described below. For additional infractions, the Tournament Director or USAR official in attendance, either of their own accord or at the request of the referee, is empowered to apply either sanctions (b) or (c) as warranted.

(a) For the first offense, the violator may observe, but not speak (as determined by whether the referee hears the person), while the athlete’s match is being played.

(b) For the second offense, the violator may not watch that match, but may remain within the building.

(c) For the third offense, violator will be removed from the club for the duration of the tournament, and appropriate authorities advised of the restriction. If a given situation so warrants, the Tournament Director or USAR official may invoke the (c) sanction immediately and without previous offenses - in the interest of general safety.