2011 Referee Commission Seminar

2011 First Annual Referee Seminar Participants


Notes from the First Annual USA Judo Referee Commission Seminar/Workshop

Miami, FL – 1/21-23/2011 – Guest Clinician Mr. Julio Clemente – Moderator/Presenter Russ Scherer


Individual “Referee Development Plan” Sessions – discussions were held between individual referees and members of the USA Judo Referee Commission covering the goals, opportunities and development timeline for that specific referee.  This was the start of a new program to help guide referee personal planning.   (Continued on Sunday)

Informal meeting of the USA Judo Referee Commission     (Continued on Sunday as informal)


Opening Remarks [RS]

Jury Expectations, Standards, etc. [RS]  -  see attached file

Judo Rules Development (History) [JC] 

Current Rules Interpretations [JC]

·  There are two kinds of matches - Positive vs Negative, action vs in-action, Dynamic and Non-dynamic, etc.


-- You should not give penalties in dynamic matches unless it is very obvious.

-- Stress that busy is not active. 

-- Let the players play, do not interrupt.  On the other hand, if it is a slow moving, static match, one should be more willing to give penalties

  •  “Leg Grab” – blocking as well as gripping below the obi merits Hansokumake, unless it is a counter or combination to an initial “real” attack – simultaneous is also penalty – if action is 2 steps and 1st step is a “real attack” and the steps are linked/continuous then no penalty but if they are 2 separate actions then penalize - if a player takes a cross grip (i.e. tori’s right arm is over uke’s right shoulder, behind uke’s head and gripping the back of uke’s gi on the left side), then his opponent can initiate an attack by grabbing the leg.  In a cross-grip situation, the player taking the cross-grip should penalized with shido if he/she does not attack immediately (do not wait 3-5 seconds as in most other gripping penalties) – grabbing the leg after a “Fake attack” should be penalized with Hansokumake – touching the pants leg may not merit a penalty (incidental? use common sense) - Un-intentional touching is not leg grabbing
  • “Bear Hug” – from the front, to reach around the waist/back with both arms in basically the same horizontal plane with or without interlocking the hands even if the player who does the second “Bear Hug” is not the player who did the first one.   After the first shido, subsequent penalties follow the normal progression, i.e., 2 shidos (for any 2 prohibited acts) equal yuko for the opponent, 3 shidos equal waza-ari for the opponent, and the 4th penalty is hansoku make.– the first observation of a “Bear Hug”, the referee should call mate and issue a warning to both players; the second and subsequent “Bear Hugs” should be penalized shido.
  • “T-bar” (Tori’s arm between uke’s legs grabbing tori’s other arm which is wrapped around uke’s waist {above obi}) – Hansoku make for attacking below the belt/Tori’s arm between the legs is lifting below the belt.  The penalty is given if this is an initial attack, not a follow-up or counter attack to a “real attack”.
      • Edge Penalty – Allow action to continue as long as either player is in contact with the contest area and the players are in contact with each other (same as newaza) – a penalty can be given if a player is going to the edge to merely bail out - if the player’s strategy is to play the edge to avoid competition, a penalty should be given – signal is arm out straight, wrist bent, fingers pointing down (trace border where step-out occurred).  A penalty also can be given for going out without action; such penalties, though less common than they used to be because of the liberalization of what is considered “action” on the edge, have not been eliminated entirely.
  • Medical Exam – give some time – if there is bleeding or a head injury, call the doctor, and the player can continue the match if the doctor says it is OK – use common sense on injuries to other areas and assess whether injury is real or not; if real (and minor), have the player fix gi and then call hajime; otherwise ask player if they need a doctor

Misc. Referee Topics [JC]

  • There are special patches for referees of World Championships and Olympics
  • Honorary A’s – Those submitted are currently in the approval  process
  • PJC Ranking – The PJC ranking is complementary to the IJF ranking list
  • Double Ippon – goes to Golden Score
  • Double Direct Hansoku make(unless out of tournament/unsportsmanlike conduct, etc.) – for 1st/2nd award 2 silver medals – for 3rd award two 5th places [Mr. Clemente did not specifically address Double Progression Hansoku Make, but Article 19 of the Rules requires Golden Score in that situation]
  • Double Sogo gachi – goes to Golden Score
  • Fingers inside the sleeve or pants cuff – this topic is being addressed further by the USA Judo RC and will be reported on later – until then institute no changes
  • Armbars are to elbow only – no shoulder – no wrist; a “slicer”, if applied against the bicep rather than the elbow, is also illegal
  • Kesa gatame – cannot lock hands (headlock) and put pressure on neck – watch for kids – matte
  • Fake attempts at sacrifice throws to transition to newaza should be penalized
  • Mouth Guards - not allowed in PJC international play – [however, this issue is being addressed further by the USA Judo RC to see if we want to establish a special rule for U.S. competitions- until then take no action on this issue at US domestic competitions].
  • Use of silicone on the judogi is illegal and is penalized as unsportsmanlike conduct.  It is Hansoku make and the player is out of the entire division.
  • Female clothing - white Ts only.  No legging leotards that extend to the foot, no leotard tops.
  • Taunting  is inappropriate behavior – penalize with Hansoku make and the player is out of the competition.
  • If a player is causing a delay in the competition by getting back to the starting line slowly - shido can be given for non-combativity

Video Review [JC] – 2010 World Flashes – a copy (with answer sheet) was given to each seminar participant – video was reviewed with analysis by seminar participants

Referee Behavior and Code of Ethics, Standards and Conduct [RS] – see attached file

Preparing for Travel as a Referee [RS] – see attached file


Special Situations Standardization [RS] – see attached file

Recent Experiences & Impressions of International Competitions [Robert Fukuda, Barb Shimizu, Gary Takemoto, and Calvin Terada] – Each gave their impressions of how the rules are being applied around the world – this was very beneficial to the participants