Playing the Game

2.  Composition of Teams


2.1    A maximum of eleven players from each team take part in play at any particular time during the match.
        If a team has more than the permitted number of players on the field, time should be stopped to correct the situation.  A personal penalty should be awarded against the captain of the team involved.  Decision taken prior to correcting the situation cannot be changed.

        Play and time is restarted with a free hit to the opposing team unless another penalty had been awarded against the offending team immediately before time was stopped in which case the penalty is taken.

Each team has either a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges on the field or plays only with field players.
        Each team may play with:

-a goal keeper wearing a different color shirt and full protective equipment comprising at least headgear, leg guards and kickers; this player is referred to in these Rules as a goalkeeper; or

-a field player with goalkeeping privileges wearing a different color shirt and who may wear protective headgear (but not leg guards and kickers or other goalkeeping protective equipment) when inside their defending 23 meters (25 yard) area; they must wear protective headgear when defending a penalty corner or penalty stroke; this player is referred to in these Rules as a player with goalkeeping privileges; or

- only field players; no player has goalkeeping privileges or wears a different color shirt; no player may wear protective head headgear except a face mask when defending a penalty corner or a penalty stroke; all team players wear the same color shirt.

Any change between these options must take place as a substitution.

2.3    Each team is permitted to substitute from its players not on the field of play:

a substitution is permitted at any time except within the period from the award of a penalty corner until after it has been completed; during this period substitution is only permitted for injury to or suspension of the defending goalkeeper or defending player with goalkeeping privileges.
        If another penalty corner is awarded before completion of the previous penalty corner, substitution other than for an injured or suspended defending goalkeeper or defending player with goalkeeping privileges must not take place until that subsequent penalty corner has been completed.

        At a penalty corner, a defending goalkeeper (i.e. wearing full protective equipment) who is injured or suspended may be substituted by another goalkeeper wearing full protective equipment or by a player with goalkeeping privileges.

        At a penalty corner, a defending player with goalkeeping privileges who is injured or suspended may be substituted by another player with goalkeeping privileges and not by a goalkeeper wearing full protective equipment.

        If a team has only field players, no substitution is permitted at a penalty corner until is has been completed.

        If the goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges is suspended, the offending team plays with one less player.

b        there is no limit to the number of players who are permitted to be substituted at the same time or to the number of times any player is permitted to substitute or be substituted.

c        substitution of a player is permitted only after a player has left the field.

d        substitutions are not permitted for suspended players during their suspension.

e        after completing a suspension, a player is permitted to be substituted without first returning to the field.

f        players must leave or enter the field for substitution purposes within 3 meters  of the center-line on a side of the field agree with the umpires.

g        time is stopped for substitution of goalkeepers (i.e. wearing full protective equipment) but not for other substitutions.
        
Time is stopped briefly to permit a goalkeeper who is wearing full protective equipment to take part in a substitution.  The time stoppage is not extended for a goalkeeper to put on or take off protective equipment as part of a substitution including following a goalkeeper injury or suspension.  If necessary, play should continue with a player with goalkeeping privileges and wearing a different color shirt or only with field players while a substitute goalkeeper puts on or takes off protective equipment.

2.4        Field players who leave the field for injury treatment, refreshment, to change equipment or for some reason other than substitution are only permitted to re-enter between the 23 meter areas on the side of the pitch used for substitutions.

2.5        No persons other than the field players, players with goalkeeping privileges, goalkeepers and umpires are permitted on the field during the match without the permission of an umpire.

2.6        Players on or off the field are under the jurisdiction of the umpires throughout the match including the half-time interval.

2.7        A player who is injured or bleeding must leave the field unless medical reasons prevent this and must not return until wounds have been covered; players must not wear blood stained clothing.