Playing the Game

13.  Procedures for taking Penalties

13.1        Location of a free hit :

a            a free hit is taken close to where the offense occurred

‘Close to’ means within playing distance of where the offense occurred and with no significant advantage gained.

The location from which a free hit is taken must be more precise inside the 23 meters area.

b            a free hit awarded within 5 meters of the circle to the attack
is taken at the nearest point 5 meters from the circle

c            a free hit awarded to the defense within 15 meters of
the back-line is taken up to 15 meters from the back line in line with the location of the offense, parallel to the side-line

13.2        Procedures for taking a free hit, centre pass and putting the 
ball back into play after it has been outside the field :

All parts of this Rule apply as appropriate to a free hit, centre pass and putting the ball back into play after it has been outside the field.

a            the ball must be stationary

b            opponents must be at least 5 meters from the ball

If an opponent is within 5 meters of the ball, they must not interfere with the taking of the free hit or must not play or attempt to play the ball.  If this player is not playing the ball, attempting to play the ball or influencing play, the free hit need not be delayed.

c            when a free hit is awarded to the attack within the 23 meters area, all players other than the player taking the free hit must be at least 5 meters from the ball

d           the ball is moved using a push or hit

e            the ball must not be raised intentionally directly from the free hit

f            if the player taking the free hit is the next player to play the ball, the actions of taking the free hit and of next playing the ball must be two separate actions

g            before another player of the team which took the free hit is allowed to play the ball, the ball must move at least 1 meter

The ball does not have to move 1 meter before the player taking the free hit may play the ball again.

h            from a free hit awarded to the attack within the 23 meters area, the ball must not be played into the circle until it has travelled at least 5 meters or has been touched by a player of either team other than the player taking the free hit.

If the player taking the free hit continues to play the ball (ie no other player has yet played it):

– that player may play the ball any number of times, but

– the ball must travel at least 5 meters, before

– that player plays the ball into the circle by hitting or pushing the ball again.

Alternatively :

– another player of either team who can legitimately play the ball must deflect, hit or push the ball before it enters the circle, or

– after this player has touched the ball, it can be played into the circle by any other player including the player who took the free hit.

It is permitted to play the ball high above the attacking circle so that it lands outside the circle subject to Rules related to dangerous play and that the ball is not legitimately playable inside or above the circle by another player during its flight.

13.3 Taking a penalty corner:


a            the ball is placed on the back-line inside the circle at least 10 meters from the goal-post on whichever side of the goal the attacking team prefers

b            an attacker pushes or hits the ball without intentionally raising it

c            the attacker taking the push or hit from the back-line must have at least one foot outside the field

d            the other attackers must be on the field, outside the circle with sticks, hands and feet not touching the ground inside the circle

e            no defender or attacker other than the attacker taking the push or hit from the back-line is permitted to be within 5 meters of the ball when the push or hit is taken

f            not more than five defenders, including the goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges if there is one, must be positioned behind the back-line with their sticks, hands and feet not touching the ground inside the field

            If the team defending a penalty corner has chosen to play only with field players, none of the defenders referred to above has goalkeeping privileges.

g            the other defenders must be beyond the centre-line

h            until the ball has been played, no attacker other than the one taking the push or hit from the back-line is permitted to enter the circle and no defender is
permitted to cross the centre-line or back-line

i            after playing the ball, the attacker taking the push or hit from the back-line must not play the ball again or approach within playing distance of it until it has been played by another player

j            a goal cannot be scored until the ball has travelled outside the circle

k            if the first shot at goal is a hit (as opposed to a push, flick or scoop), the ball must cross the goal-line, or be on a path which would have resulted in it crossing the goal-line, at a height of not more than 460 mm (the height of the backboard) before any deflection, for a goal to be scored

            The requirements of this Rule apply even if the ball touches the stick or body of a defender before the first shot at goal.

            If the first shot at goal is a hit and the ball is, or will be, too high crossing the goal-line it must be penalized even if the ball is subsequently deflected
off the stick or body of another player.

            The ball may be higher than 460 mm during its flight before it crosses the goal-line provided there is no danger and provided it would drop of its own
accord below 460 mm before crossing the line.

            ‘Slap’ hitting the ball, which involves a long pushing or sweeping movement with the stick before making contact with the ball, is regarded as a hit.

l            for second and subsequent hits at the goal and for flicks, deflections and scoops, it is permitted to raise the ball to any height but this must not be dangerous

            A defender who is clearly running into the shot or into the taker without attempting to play the ball with their stick must be penalized for dangerous play.

            Otherwise, if a defender is within five meters of the first shot at goal during the taking of a penalty corner and is struck by the ball below the knee,
another penalty corner must be awarded or if the shot is judged to be dangerous and a free hit must be awarded to the defending team.

m        the penalty corner Rules no longer apply if the ball travels more than 5 meters from the circle.

13.4        The match is prolonged at half-time and full-time to allow 
completion of a penalty corner or any subsequent penalty corner or penalty stroke.

13.5 The penalty corner is completed when:

a            a goal is scored

b            a free hit is awarded to the defending team

c            the ball travels more than 5 meters outside the circle

d            the ball is played over the back-line and a penalty corner is not awarded

e            a defender commits an offense which does not result in another penalty corner

f            a penalty stroke is awarded

g            a bully is awarded.

If play is stopped because of an injury or for any other reason during the taking of a penalty corner at the end of a prolonged first or second half and a bully would otherwise be awarded, the penalty corner must be taken again.

13.6        For substitution purposes and for completion of a penalty corner at half-time and full-time, the penalty corner is also completed when the ball travels outside the circle for the second time.

13.7        For an offense during the taking of a penalty corner:

a            the player taking the push or hit from the back-line does not have at least one foot outside the field: the penalty corner is taken again

b            for any other offense by the player taking the push or hit from the back-line: a free hit is awarded to the defense

c            a defender crosses over the centre-line or back-line before permitted: the penalty corner is taken again

d            an attacker enters the circle before permitted: the
penalty corner is taken again

e            for any other offense by attackers: a free hit is awarded
to the defense.

      
Except as specified above, a free hit, penalty corner or penalty stroke is awarded as specified elsewhere in the Rules.

13.8        Taking a penalty stroke:

a            time and play is stopped when a penalty stroke is awarded

b            all players on the field other than the player taking the stroke and the player defending it must stand outside the 23 meters area and must not influence the taking of the stroke

c            the ball is placed on the penalty spot

d            the player taking the stroke must stand behind and within playing distance of the ball before beginning the stroke

e            the player defending the stroke must stand with both feet on the goal-line and must not leave the goal-line or move either foot until the ball has been played

f            if the player defending the stroke is a goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges, they must wear protective headgear ; if the player defending the stroke is otherwise taking part in the game as a field player, they may wear only a face mask as protective equipment
If the team defending a penalty stroke has chosen to play only with field players and not to use a substitute goalkeeper or player with goalkeeping privileges to defend the penalty stroke, the defender may only use their stick to make a save.

g            the whistle is blown when the player taking the stroke and the player defending it are in position

h            the player taking the stroke must not take it until the whistle has been blown
            The player taking the stroke or the player defending it must not delay the taking of the stroke.

i            the player taking the stroke must not feint at playing the ball

j            the player taking the stroke must push, flick or scoop the ball and is permitted to raise it to any height
            
Using a ‘dragging’ action to play the ball at a penalty stroke is not permitted.

k            the player taking the stroke must play the ball only once and must not subsequently approach either the ball or the player defending the stroke.

13.9 The penalty stroke is completed when:

a            the stroke is taken before the whistle is blown and a goal is scored: the penalty stroke is taken again

b            the stroke is taken before the whistle is blown and a goal is not scored:
a free hit is awarded to the defense

c            for any other offense by the player taking the stroke: a
free hit is awarded to the defense

d            for any offense by the player defending the stroke
including moving either foot before the ball has been played: the penalty stroke is taken again

            If the player defending the stroke prevents a goal being scored but moves either foot before the ball has been played, this player must be warned
(green card) and for any subsequent offense must be suspended (yellow card).

            If a goal is scored even though there has been an offense by the player defending the stroke, the goal is awarded.

e        for an offense by a player of the defending team and a goal is not scored: the penalty stroke is taken again

f        for an offense by a player of the attacking team other than the player taking the stroke and a goal is scored: the penalty stroke is taken again.