Jen Armbruster
Amanda Dennis competes in goalball on behalf of the United States at the 2016 Paralympic Games.

Goalball was introduced as a medal event at the 1976 Paralympic Games in Toronto after its success as a demonstration event at the 1972 Paralympic Games in Heidelberg. However, the sport dates back to 1946 when it was created by Austrian Hanz Lorenzen and German Sett Reindle as a way to rehabilitate WWII veterans who had lost their vision. The sport is now played in 112 countries.

Men's and women's goalball teams have a roster of six at most international events but compete in teams of three. Unlike other team events that involve a ball, like wheelchair basketball, goalball is played only by visually impaired athletes. All players wear eye masks to equalize visual impairment among the athletes.

Because the sport is for the visually impaired, the ball makes noise when it's in motion so that the players can locate it audibly. For this reason, silence at events is vital. It is played on a court with tactile markings so that players can determine their location on the court and which direction that he/she is facing. Players take turns throwing the ball at each other's goal. 

The U.S. national goalball teams and the day-to-day operations of the high performance program are overseen by the United States Association of Blind Athletes.

For more information on goalball, visit USABA.orgTo find a local program in your community, visit the Paralympic Resource Network.