US Biathlon Association


2022 Olympic Team Selection Criteria


2022 Olympic Winter Games

April 5, 2021 




1.1. Provide the minimum eligibility requirements for an athlete to be considered for selection to the Team: 

1.1.1. Nationality/Passport requirements: 

  Athlete must be a national of the United States and eligible to compete for the United States as defined by the International Biathlon Union (IBU),, at the time of nomination. 

  Athlete must hold a valid U.S. passport that will not expire for six months after the conclusion of the Games. 

1.1.2. Minimum International Olympic Committee (IOC) standards for participation: 

Any competitor in the Olympic Games must be a national of the country of the National Olympic Committee (NOC) which is entering such competitor.   For additional information regarding an athlete who is a national of two or more countries, has changed his or her nationality or acquired a new 

nationality, refer to the Olympic Charter (Rule 41). 


  1.1.3. Minimum International Federation (IF) standards for participation: 

Under the IBU Event and Competition Rules which may be downloaded from the IBU website ( the following regulation should be noted concerning the minimum IBU standards for participation at the Olympic Winter Games: Olympic Winter Games 

Qualification Criteria Olympic Winter Games (OWG) 

(ref: IBU Event & Competition Rules Art. ‐‐spa‐ibu/image/upload/nk93tbz7syaoj02qmjod.pdf)


As the minimum qualification requirement to compete in OWG events, a competitor must have 180 IBU qualifying points or less at the end of the 

last trimester before the OWG, or fulfill one of the following criteria during the current or previous season:  


  1. Compete in two competitions earning 150 IBU qualifying points or less at IBU Cups, Open European Championships (OECH), World  Championships (WCH) and/or World Cups (WC) in the Sprint or Individual, or

2. Two finishes in the top half at the Junior World Championships 

(not Youth), or

      3.     One result from each of the criteria 1. and 2. above.   


  All members of Relay teams must also have met this individual qualification requirement.


  The complete IBU Qualification System for the 2022 Olympic Winter Games can be found here:‐biathlon/resources/team‐


     1.1.4. Other requirements (if any):

  • Athlete must be a member in good standing of the US Biathlon Association (USBA) at the time of nomination, taking into account the USBA Code of Conduct (‐biathlon/resources/usba‐code‐of‐conduct2). 
  • Athlete must successfully complete all Games Registration requirements by stated deadline.   
  • Any athlete age 18 or older will be required to undergo and successfully pass a background screen in accordance with the current USOPC Background Check Policy and Procedures, available at:‐usa‐athlete‐services/safe‐sport
  • Any athlete age 18 or older as of the Closing Ceremony will be required to successfully complete the U.S. Center for SafeSport’s online training and education program. 

1.2. Tryout Events:   

1.2.1. Provide the event names, dates and locations of all trials, events and camps to be used as part of the selection process. 

Phase 1: 2020‐21 season World Cups and 2021 World Championships (see for a schedule of events)* 

  Phase 2: November / December 2021 World Cups (see for a schedule of events)*  

  Phase 3:Four competitions will be held to determine the Phase 3 selection.  At the time of writing, the following race schedule is foreseen.  The ICC will approve and announce any necessary changes as early as possible. 


‐ 2 time trials, conducted by USBA staff, Central Europe – Jan. 1‐4, 2022. 

‐ IBU Cup 4: Duszniki Zdroj, POL – Jan. 8‐9, 2022*. 

* The exact competition dates, locations and competition types, are subject to change by IBU and can be found at

1.2.2. Provide event names, dates, locations and description of how athletes qualify for the trials, events and camps listed above in 1.2.1. (if any). 

  Phase 1:  Selection procedures for the 2020/21 World Cup and World Championships Team can be found on the US Biathlon Association web page at this URL:‐Biathlon/Resources/Team‐Selection‐Procedures/International‐Team‐Selection‐Criteria  

Phase 2: Selection procedures for the November / December 2021 World Cups will be published on the USBA web site after the Board of Directors approves the selection procedures, no later than the end of June 2021.‐biathlon/resources/team‐selection‐procedures

Phase 3: Qualification of athletes for Phase 3 team selection races will be based on US competitions, referred to as the U.S. Trials Series, in December 2021, which are open events. In addition, athletes who participate in IBU World Cups 3 and/or 4, December 6‐19, 2021 but are not named to the 2022 U.S. Olympic Team through Phase 1 and Phase 2 are qualified to compete in the Phase 3 team selection races. 

1.3 Provide a comprehensive, step‐by‐step description of the method that explains how athletes will go through the selection process (include maximum Team size). 

Team Size: The US Biathlon Association will nominate the maximum number of athletes allowed to the 2022 Olympic Winter Games, based on the number of quotas earned through the Biathlon Qualification System. 

Olympic Team size will be finalized and confirmed by the IBU in January 2022. In accordance with IBU’s Qualification System for the 2022 Olympic Winter Games, the maximum number of quotas available to each NOC is 12 (six per gender)*. 

* As of the date of publishing these procedures, the team has earned enough IBU Nations Cup points to secure a minimum of 4 quotas per gender.

Phase 1 ‐ Early Qualification from the 2020/2021 Season:   

Up to 50% of the team size, per gender, may qualify for the 2022 Olympic Team through Phase 1 Early qualification (rounding down for all fractions). Example: If the men’s team is allowed either four or five athletes, then up to two men can qualify through Phase 1 by meeting the standards below.   

Selections through USBA’s process that are determined prior to knowing the final Olympic Team size for the U.S. are considered provisional until IBU confirms quotas (expected to be January 2022). 

Standards, in priority order:   

1 a: Athletes who place in the top 6 in any Sprint, Individual, or Pursuit race at 2021 World Championships will qualify. If more than two athletes per gender achieve top 6 performances, the following tie‐breaking mechanisms will be employed in the order below: 

  • Single best 2021 World Championships result, excluding relay competitions   
  • Most overall WC points at the end of the 2020/21 World Cup Season. 
  • Best single percent back result from 2021 WCH’s races.  Percent back calculations will include foreign athletes in the points‐base.    

1 b: Top 30 in the overall World Cup Final Ranking of the 2020/21 season, or two Top 12 finishes in World Cup and/or World Championships competitions of the 2020/21 season, excluding relay competitions.  If the team is already filled via 1 a. above to two athletes, then no athlete may qualify by this criterion. If multiple athletes achieve a Top 30 WC overall ranking or two Top 12 results, then the team will be filled based upon the athletes’ best individual placing during the 2020/21 WC (including WCHs 2021) until 50% of the team size is reached. 

Performance Requirements for Early Qualification:   

Agreement to fulfill a training agreement signed between the United States Biathlon Association (USBA) and athlete, and the athlete’s continued performance in training and competition at levels consistent with the qualifying performance standards listed above.   

The training agreement for each athlete is developed by the USBA coaching staff and approved by the USBA International Competition Committee (ICC), in consultation with the athlete, within approximately one week (or another period mutually agreed upon) after the athlete’s qualification for the Olympic Team.  Each training agreement is individualized and specific to each athlete and is


intended to enable the athlete to best prepare for his/her training and participation in the Olympic Games, with the focus of the program on peak performance.  Each training agreement must be submitted to and approved by the ICC prior to execution of the agreement. 

Removal from Early Qualification status: The ICC will notify the athlete of any concerns regarding performance in writing via email within two weeks of the occasion from which the concern arose.  Should a second notice of concern be sent to the athlete, the athlete will be on probation and required to fulfill specific training and performance standards to remain qualified for the Olympic Team.   Failure to perform the training and/or performance standards will serve as cause for removal from early qualification status with the right to a hearing pursuant to the USBA Bylaws and Grievance Procedures or Section 9 of USOPC Bylaws. If athlete’s early qualification status is revoked, the athlete would need to follow the remaining selection procedures to qualify for the Olympic Team. 

If an early‐qualified athlete is removed and there is another athlete who met the performance standard for Phase 1, the ICC will fill the team based upon the athletes’ best individual placing during the 2020/21 WC (including WCHs 2021) until 50% of the team size is reached.   

Phase 2 – Qualification from the November/December 2021 World Cup races for the Olympic Team   

If 50% of the team size in a gender is filled through Phase 1, then Phase 2 is not applicable for that gender. By the end of Phase 2, the team will be filled to 50% of the team size per gender, (rounding down for all fractions) through the following procedures: 

2 a. Athletes who have not already achieved early qualification to the Olympic Team through Phase 1 may qualify for the Olympic Team by achieving the Phase 2 performance standard of having at least one top 20 finish in the November/December 2021 World Cups, excluding all relay format competitions.    

2 b. If spots still remain open for Phase 2, then remaining positions will be filled by the following procedures: 

The athlete(s) with the single best World Cup competition placing from November/December 2021 will qualify for nomination to the Olympic team in rank order, excluding all athletes already qualified.   Tie‐breaking, if needed, will follow the procedure listed below. 

If, through Phase 2, more than the maximum number of athletes within a gender achieve a given performance standard, then the following tie breaking mechanisms will be employed in the order below:


  • Most overall WC points at the end of December World Cups.
  • Best single percent back result from the November/December 2021 World Cup competitions will be selected.  Percent back calculations will include foreign athletes in the points‐base.  If a tie still exists none of the tied athletes will be named and they will need to complete the remaining qualification procedures for team selection.   

Phase 3 ‐ Qualification by Discretionary Selection and from Phase Three Team Selection Races (time trials and IBU Cup 4):   

3 a. One athlete will be named by the ICC in consultation with US Biathlon staff, in accordance with the USBA Principles of Discretionary Selection (see Section 2.2.1.) at any point following Phase 2

3 b. The top‐ranked athlete in each gender will qualify through the Phase 3 trials races (schedule listed below) utilizing the USBA percent back scoring method, scoring any Pursuit competitions based on net times. Rankings will be calculated in the following way; 

‐ 4 races, with the best 2 races counted. 

NOTE: In the event that an athlete is named to the team by discretion before the completion of the Phase 3 trialsraces(via 3 a.), they will be omitted from the final percent‐back calculations used to determine 3 b. (top‐ranked athlete). 

If the Olympic Quota allows for the selection of a fifth or sixth athlete, the next ranked athlete(s) from Phase 3 b. rankings will be qualified.  If a tie exists, the athlete with the best single percent back result will be selected.   

If, during 3 b. of the selection process, a tie exists and tie‐breaking procedures written here do not resolve the tie, the ICC will determine team qualification for those not already qualified using USBA Principles of Discretionary Selection (see Section 2.2.1.). 

The Phase 3 Team Selection Race schedule will include the following; Four competitions will be held to determine the Phase 3 selection.  At the time of writing, the following race schedule is foreseen.  The ICC will approve and announce any necessary changes as early as possible. 

‐ 2 time trials, conducted by USBA staff, Central Europe – Jan. 1‐4, 2022. ‐ IBU Cup 4: Duszniki Zdroj, POL – Jan. 8‐9, 2022. 

NOTE: Exact race formats and dates will be decided by the USBA High Performance staff after the IBU Cup 4 race schedule is released by the IBU.Exact race formats and dates are subject to change by IBU and will be published at when IBU releases the final event calendar for 2021/22 Season, expected in early summer 2021. 

Scoring and Contingencies 

1. Percent Back Scoring Method: 

  An athlete’s percent‐back in a race is calculated using the following formula: 

  Athlete’s Percent‐Back = 2 – (Athlete’s time / Average time of the top three American finishers not already nominated to the team) If there are only two finishers that can be scored, the average of their times shall be used as the denominator in the formula above.  If only one finisher can be scored, that athlete shall receive a percent‐back of 100%.   

2. Contingencies:  

In the event one or more of the competitions in either the Phase 3 Team Selection competitions are cancelled the following will apply as appropriate to the situation:

    a.If only three races are held, the best two of three races will be scored.

b.If only two races are held, the single best result will be scored. 


  2.1. Provide rationale for utilizing discretionary selection (if any): 

The purpose of a discretionary selection is to ensure selection of the most competitive team.  The selections are meant to account for the unanticipated circumstances, which inevitably elude the principles of objective criteria. 

One athlete of each gender, will be discretionarily selected by the ICC based on the USBA Principles of Discretionary Selection (see Section 2.2.1.).   

2.2. List the discretionary criteria and explain how they will be used (if any): Note: This list is not in any order of priority: 

2.2.1. USBA Principles of Discretionary Selection 

o History of performance in a specific competition type (e.g., Relay or Individual) over the current and previous two competitive seasons 

o Recent improvements in results or performance parameters such as ski speed and shooting performance (both in training and competition) 

o Recent positive trend of competition results or performance parameters, such as ski speed and shooting, indicating a potential for Olympic success.  This includes indication of medal potential in future Olympic or World Championship competition that would be materially enhanced by selection to the Team.   

o Performance/participation in the qualification process effected by illness or injury as confirmed by USBA   

o Ability to effectively contribute to a relay    

2.3. Provide the name of the committee that will be responsible for making discretionary selections, along with a complete list of the members’ titles currently serving on the committee: 

USBA International Competition Committee (ICC)   

  • Chair   
  • USBA AAC Athlete Rep(s)   
  • USBA High Performance Director   
  • National Guard Biathlon Coach 
  • (One) USBA National Team Head Coach   

Note:  If any individual is unable to serve on the committee for whatever reason they will be replaced by a similarly qualified individual named by the Chairman of the USBA Board of Directors. 

  2.3.1. Specify the process that will be used to identify and handle any potential conflicts of interest involving a member of the committee. 

Any member of the selection committee that has a possible conflict of interest must disclose it.  If such conflict exists, the selection committee member must recuse him/herself from committee discussions and voting.  Further, the committee member should not otherwise influence other members of the committee in the selection process.  However, a committee member who recused him/herself, but who has relevant and necessary information with respect to athlete performance, for example a national team coach or high performance director, may, if requested by the selection committee, provide such information to the committee so long as such information is provided in a fair and unbiased manner and the committee member who declared the conflict of interest does not vote toward the final decision. 


  3.1. Prior to entry by name to the Local Organizing Committee by the USOPC, the US Biathlon Assoc. has jurisdiction over potential nominees.

An athlete who is to be nominated to the Team by the US Biathlon Assoc. may be removed for any of the following reasons, as determined by the US Biathlon Assoc.:

3.1.1. Voluntary withdrawal.  Athlete must submit a written letter to the US Biathlon Assoc. CEO. 

3.1.2. Injury or illness as certified by a physician (or medical staff) approved by the US Biathlon Assoc.  If an athlete refuses verification of his/her illness or injury by a physician (or medical staff) approved by the US Biathlon Assoc., his/her injury will be assumed to be disabling and he/she may be removed. 

  3.1.3. Failure to participate in Mandatory Training and/or Competition as defined in Section 9 of these procedures. 

3.1.4. Violation of the US Biathlon Assoc.’s Team Code of Conduct, found at: USBA Code of Conduct

  3.1.5. Violation of the training agreement described in Phase 1 of the qualification procedures listed in this document

An athlete who is removed from the Team pursuant to this provision has the right to a hearing per the USBA’s Bylaws (Chapters 28, 29, 30, 31 and 32) and the USOPC’s Bylaws, Section 9.

3.2. Once athlete entries have been submitted to the Local Organizing Committee by the USOPC, the USOPC has jurisdiction over the Team, at which time, in addition to any applicable USBA Code of Conduct, the USOPC’s Code of Conduct and Grievance Procedures apply.  The USOPC’s Code of Conduct is included in the Games Forms made available prior to the respective Games; the USOPC’s Grievance Procedures can be found at:‐Documents

  3.3. An athlete may be removed as a nominee to the Team or from the Team for an adjudicated violation of IOC, WADA, IBU, USADA and/or USOPC anti‐doping protocol, policies and procedures, as well as the U.S. Center for SafeSport Code, the USOPC Athlete Safety Policy and the US Biathlon Assoc. SafeSport Policy, as applicable.    


  4.1. Describe the selection and approval process for determining replacement athlete(s) should a vacancy occur:

4.1.1. prior to submission of Entries by Name to the Local Organizing Committee, including any applicable group or committee: The replacement athletes will be determined based on the ranking list as described in section 3 b. of the Phase 3 qualification process above.

4.1.2. after submission of Entries by Name to the Local Organizing Committee, including any applicable group or committee: The same process outlined in Section 4.1.1. will be used provided USBA is still authorized to add a replacement athlete to the Team, in accordance with the IBU Qualification System, and any applicable IOC and/or LOC rules. 


US Biathlon will retain the approved Selection Procedures and all supporting documents, including scouting or evaluation forms, etc., and data from the selection process for six months past the date of the Closing Ceremony of the Games. 


In addition to the USOPC Code of Conduct, the following documents are required to be signed by an athlete as a condition of nomination to the Olympic Games: 

US Biathlon Team Code of Conduct –‐Biathlon/Resources/Team‐ Selection‐Procedures/USBA‐Team‐Code‐of‐Conduct


The USOPC approved Selection Procedures (complete and unaltered) will be posted/published by the USBA in the following location(s): 

USBA Web site:‐Biathlon/Resources/Team‐Selection‐ Procedures These procedures will be posted as soon as possible, but not more than five business days following notice of approval by the USOPC.    


  Nomination of athletes, including replacements, will be announced to all athletes and submitted to the USOPC on or before: 16 January 2022. 


The athletes qualified for the Olympic Team will be required to attend World Cup competitions and a training camp from January 24, 2022 (or on the date when they are qualified to the team whichever comes later) through February 3, 2022 in preparation for the Olympic Winter Games.  Reasonable requests for absence from the training camp will be reviewed on a case‐by‐case basis by the staff and approved by the USBA International Competition Committee.   

      Location of the training camps will be posted on the USBA website at least 30 days prior to the start of the camp. 


Athletes must adhere to all IOC, IBU, WADA, USADA and USOPC anti‐doping protocols, policies and procedures, as applicable.  This includes participation in Out‐of‐Competition Testing as required by the IOC, WADA, IBU, USADA and USOPC rules, as applicable.   


The following committee/group (include names and titles) was responsible for creating these Selection Procedures: 

US Biathlon Association International Competition Committee 

Chair: Jay T. Kearney 

AAC Athlete Rep: Haley Stewart 

USBA High Performance Director: Lowell Bailey 

National Guard Biathlon Coach: Andrew Galinas 

       USBA National Team Head Coach WM: Armin Auchentaller 


The USBA Bylaws and Grievance Procedures can be found at:‐Biathlon/About‐Us/Governance.aspx


These procedures are based on IOC and IBU rules and regulations as presently known and understood. Any change in the selection procedures caused by a change in IOC or IBU rules and regulations will be distributed to the affected athletes immediately.  The selection criteria are based on the latest information available to USBA. However, the selections are always subject to unforeseen, intervening circumstances, and realistically may not have accounted for every possible contingency. 

If any force of nature, or force majeure, should cause the alteration or cancellation of any of the selection events listed in this document, these selection procedures may be revised, pursuant to their resubmission to the USOPC. 


The Athlete Ombudsman provides cost‐free, independent and confidential advice regarding athlete rights, grievance procedures and any other related guidance pertaining to selection procedures and can assist in mediating disputes between athletes and their NGB.

To contact the Athlete Ombudsman Office:   

PHONE: (719) 866‐5000   




I certify that I have read and understand the standards/criteria set by our IF and incorporated those standards/criteria into our Selection Procedures.  I further certify that the information provided herein regarding Athlete Selection Procedures represents the method approved by USBA. 



Print Name



US Biathlon President & CEO

Max Cobb

Max K. Cobb

Apr 6, 2021

Max K. Cobb (Apr 6, 2021 09:25 EDT)

US Biathlon High

Performance Director

Lowell Bailey

Lowell Bailey

Apr 6, 2021

Lowell Bailey (Apr 6, 2021 11:29 EDT)

USOPC Athletes’

Advisory Council


Haley Stewart

Haley J. Stewart

Apr 6, 2021

Haley J. Stewart (Apr 6, 2021 08:14 MDT)

* If the USOPC AAC Representative has delegated authority to the Alternate AAC Representative to sign the Selection Procedures, attach a letter from the AAC Representative indicating the reason he/she has delegated authority. 

* Signature by the Athlete Representative constitutes that he/she has read and understands the Selection Procedures.  If the Athlete Representative reads and does not agree with the Athlete Selection Procedures being submitted by the USBA, he/she may submit those reasons in writing to his/her Sport Performance Team. 

* If, for some reason, a sport does not have an elected USOPC AAC Representative, the NGB must designate an athlete from that sport to review and sign the Selection Procedure.