March 7-16, 2014
- 5 sports, 7 disciplines
- 72 medal events (34 men, 34 women, 4 mixed)
- 5 athletic venues
- 692 athletes
- 9 competition days
Sochi was selected as the host city for the 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games on July 4, 2007, during the 119th IOC Session in Guatemala City, defeating bids from Salzburg, Austria, and Pyeongchang, South Korea. The Sochi Games will be the first Olympic or Paralympic Games (either summer or winter) for the Russian Federation, as the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow were in the former Soviet Union.
Sochi has a population of 400,000 and is situated in Krasnodar, which is the third largest region in Russia. The Games will take place in two areas: a coastal cluster in Sochi and a mountain cluster in Krasnaya Polyana, making for one of the most compact Games to-date with just 30 minutes of travel time to get from one to the other.
The newly constructed Sochi Olympic Park is situated along the Black Sea coast in the Imeretinskaya Valley and includes the Shayba Arena for sled hockey and the Ice Cube Curling Center for wheelchair curling, plus the Olympic Stadium (Opening and Closing Ceremonies), the Olympic Village, the International Broadcast Center and the Main Press Center. Meanwhile, the mountain cluster will be home to all alpine skiing (snowboarding), biathlon and cross-country skiing competitions, with an average distance of 2.5 miles between the mountain sub-village and the venues. There will also be a sub-media center in the mountain cluster.