USA Wrestling implemented a voluntary background screening procedure in 2003, and will implement a mandatory background screening program in the 2008-09 membership year for all member coaches, officials and state association national or regional team volunteer members.
You might ask "why does USAW do background screening in the first place"? There are two primary reasons:
The first relates to responsibility. USA Wrestling and its clubs not only have a professional and moral responsibility to provide a "safe" environment for its members during sanctioned activities, but also a legal responsibility. As parents, we all want to know that when our children are under the supervision of another adult, the organization has taken reasonable steps to determine that those individuals are worthy of the responsibility to coach, officiate or chaperone minors. State and Federal courts have determined that associations and clubs can be held legally liable for sexual misconduct or abuse that can be connected to their sanctioned events.
In the past, this has not been an issue as USA Wrestling has enjoyed "full limits" of insurance coverage for acts of sexual abuse and molestation, but this could change if USAW were not to implement a mandatory background check program under their insurance policy. Therefore, the second reason for background screening is brought on by insurance, or the possible lack thereof. According to a recent report, sexual abuse claims have increased over 200% in the past seven years. There are many theories as to the reasons but the fact of this increase has caused all insurance carriers to reduce or eliminate sexual abuse/molestation coverage from their policies, especially the policies covering activities where there is close interaction between minors and adults. In an effort to continue to provide this most important coverage, insurance companies turned to the process of background screening as a risk management tool to help reduce potential sexual abuse/molestation claims by identifying and eliminating individuals that might pose a threat from the group they are insuring. So it could become the case that without mandatory background screening in place, the insurance carriers may not offer any coverage to USAW for sexual abuse/molestation claims.
In 2007, the USA Wrestling Board of Directors approved a resolution endorsing a requirement for mandatory background screening on all USA Wrestling member coaches, officials, and the volunteers of state association national and regional teams. USA Wrestling has a policy on abuse and harassment in place, and mandatory background screening in an extension of that policy. Purpose
USA Wrestling is requiring a background screening program to determine eligibility for USAW member coaches, officials and state association national or regional team volunteer members. Background screening has been implemented to promote a safe and supportive environment in which youth athletes can pursue their athletic goals. These background checks are also designed to provide an environment where parents of children can feel good about allowing their child to participate in wrestling activities. Please note that the screening is not intended to serve as a pre-employment background screening program, nor can screening guarantee that incidents of abuse or molestation will not occur. Background screening is designed as a preventative risk management tool, but does not insure inappropriate behavior will not occur. Program Guidelines
The background screening performed on the members is based on the members' name, date of birth, address history and social security number.
The program is designed to:
1) Protect the confidentiality of information and the privacy of USA Wrestling members.
2) Review members and prospective members screening on the screening criteria established by USA Wrestling
3) Provide those members who have been screened with an opportunity to challenge incorrect information found in the screening process before a result is forwarded to USA Wrestling
4) Allow individuals in the case of a failed result, based on the USAW screening criteria and any action in those instances where the screening results produce disqualifiers to membership, to have the negative results forwarded to USAW's Director of State Services for additional investigation. Click here for USA Wrestling's Background Screening Policy