A member of the United States Olympic Committee, USA Canoe/Kayak is the national governing body for the Olympic sports of Canoe Sprint and Canoe Slalom and an official U.S. federation of the International Canoe Federation.

Other paddling sports sanctioned by USA Canoe/Kayak include Dragon Boat, Freestyle, Marathon, Paracanoe, Wildwater, Ocean Racing, Outrigger, Polo, Canoe Sailing, and Stand Up Paddleboard (SUP).