More than 30 states acknowledge the penalty for abuse is worse when a person with power over a child causes the abuse. Each state has its own definition – and analyzes a number of different factors – to determine what it means to have power over a child.


Look at the Sadler and Grocesly case studies to find out more about positions of power.

* This webpage does not serve as legal advice and is intended simply to provide you with basic resources. If you find yourself amidst legal issues, consider engaging legal counsel.

Know The Rules
 Federal Definitions
 Federal Law
 State Law
 Factors for Penalties
 Background Checks
 Title IX
 Case Studies
For Reporting
Additional Resources