Sport physiology is the study of acute responses and adaptations to a variation of physical exercises, and physiologists at the U.S. Olympic Committee strive to improve training methods by understanding the internal effects of different training programs for a diverse set of athletes.
Sports psychologists focus their analysis on cardio-respiratory, metabolic and musculoskeletal factors that contribute to athletic performance. With high-caliber technology, biomechanics use motion-capture systems, force, torque and muscle activity sensors and timing devices to mathematically model and study sport movement patterns. To understand the effects of training, USOC physiologists observe athletes’ movements under lab conditions and use five components to improve training regiments:
- Providing coaching resources
- Identifying athlete performance strengths and weaknesses
- Ensuring effective training
- Analyzing performance
- Developing a network of providers